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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

beta-Glucosidase in the indigo plant: intracellular localization and tissue specific expression in leaves.

beta-Glucosidase of indigo plant (Polygonum tinctorium) has a high substrate specificity for indican (indoxyl beta-D-glucoside). To examine the localization of this beta-glucosidase, we fractionated the cells of the leaves and analysed them immunocytochemically. Immunoelectron micrographs with specific antibodies against the beta-glucosidase clearly showed that the beta-glucosidase was localized in the stroma of the chloroplasts in mesophyll cells, but not in the thylakoid membrane. Chloroplasts were isolated from the crude homogenate of the fresh leaves by Percoll density gradient centrifugation and then subjected to suborganellar fractionation. beta-Glucosidase activity was specifically detected in the stromal fraction, but not in the thylakoid membrane. This was also supported by the result of an immunoblot of the fraction with anti-beta-glucosidase antibodies. The beta-glucosidase was immunocytochemically localized in the chloroplasts of mesophyll cells, but not in any chloroplasts in marginal cells of the vascular bundle or epidermal cells; ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco), a typical stromal protein, was observed in all chloroplasts in these cells. These results suggest that beta-glucosidase is tissue specific in its expression in the leaves of the indigo plant.[1]


  1. beta-Glucosidase in the indigo plant: intracellular localization and tissue specific expression in leaves. Minami, Y., Takao, H., Kanafuji, T., Miura, K., Kondo, M., Hara-Nishimura, I., Nishimura, M., Matsubara, H. Plant Cell Physiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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