The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Vitronectin is expressed in the ventral region of the neural tube and promotes the differentiation of motor neurons.

The extracellular matrix protein vitronectin and its mRNA are present in the embryonic chick notochord, floor plate and in the ventral neural tube at the time position of motor neuron generation. When added to cultures of neural tube explants of developmental stage 9, vitronectin promotes the generation of motor neurons in the absence of either notochord or exogenously added Sonic hedgehog. Conversely, the neutralisation of endogenous vitronectin with antibodies inhibits over 90% motor neuron differentiation in co-cultured neural tube/notochord explants, neural tube explants cultured in the presence of Sonic hedgehog, and in committed (stage 13) neural tube explants. Furthermore, treatment of embryos with anti-vitronectin antibodies results in a substantial and specific reduction in the number of motor neurons generated in vivo. These results demonstrate that vitronectin stimulates the differentiation of motor neurons in vitro and in vivo. Since the treatment of stage 9 neural tube explants with Sonic hedgehog resulted in induction of vitronectin mRNA expression before the expression of floor plate markers, we conclude that vitronectin may act either as a downstream effector in the signalling cascade induced by Sonic hedgehog, or as a synergistic factor that increases Shh-induced motor neuron differentiation.[1]


  1. Vitronectin is expressed in the ventral region of the neural tube and promotes the differentiation of motor neurons. Martínez-Morales, J.R., Barbas, J.A., Martí, E., Bovolenta, P., Edgar, D., Rodríguez-Tébar, A. Development (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities