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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Partial blockade of nitric oxide synthase blunts the exercise-induced increase of von Willebrand factor antigen and of factor VIII in man.

BACKGROUND: Until now the effects of beta-adrenergic agonists have largely been ascribed to their ability to induce intracellular formation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Recently evidence has been accumulating that at least some beta1 and beta2-adrenoceptor effects may be mediated by nitric oxide (NO). Based on these studies, we hypothesized that the beta-adrenoceptor mediated increase of von Willebrand factor and factor VIII-activity (FVIII:C) in plasma during exercise, is caused by an NO-dependent mechanism. METHODS: Thirteen young healthy subjects finished an exhaustive bicycle exercise protocol while they were infused placebo or the NO-synthase inhibitor N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) on two separate days in a randomized, double blind cross-over design. FINDINGS: During exercise systemic haemodynamic changes were parallel in both treatment periods, but L-NMMA caused a partial inhibition of NO-synthase as evidenced by a 30% decrease in exhaled NO. The workload capacities were not different during L-NMMA or placebo infusion. However, under placebo treatment exercise increased vWF-Ag by a maximum of 61% (CI: 43-84; p = 0.002) and FVIII:C by 44% (CI: 31-59; p = 0.001), which was significantly attenuated when subjects were treated with L-NMMA (p <0.05): under L-NMMA treatment vWF-Ag increased by only 25% (CI: 5-51; p = 0.001) and FVIII:C by 12% (CI: 6-39; p = 0.001). INTERPRETATION: Partial blockade of NO-synthase with L-NMMA blunts the exercise-induced increase in vWF-Ag and FVIII:C. Our trial points to a role of endogenous NO-generation in the beta2-adrenergic increase in vWF/FVIII. Thus, we propose that physiologic processes which are induced by systemic beta2-adrenoceptor stimulation may at least partly be mediated by NO.[1]


  1. Partial blockade of nitric oxide synthase blunts the exercise-induced increase of von Willebrand factor antigen and of factor VIII in man. Jilma, B., Dirnberger, E., Eichler, H.G., Matulla, B., Schmetterer, L., Kapiotis, S., Speiser, W., Wagner, O.F. Thromb. Haemost. (1997) [Pubmed]
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