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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protective effects of dietary L-arginine supplementation on chronic cyclosporine nephrotoxicity.

BACKGROUND: L-Arginine (L-Arg), the substrate for nitric oxide (NO) synthase producing NO, and the NO synthase inhibitor, N-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME), have both been shown to modify acute cyclosporine (CsA)-induced intrarenal vasoconstriction. However, the mechanism of chronic CsA nephrotoxicity characterized by progressive tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) remains unclear. Thus, we examined the pathogenetic role of NO in a rat model of chronic CsA nephropathy. METHODS: Rats were given vehicle, CsA (7.5 mg/kg), CsA + L-Arg (1.7 g/kg), CsA + D-arginine (1.7 g/kg), and CsA + L-NAME (3.5 mg/kg) for 28 days on a low-salt diet. NO production, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), blood and urine chemistry, and histology were assessed. RESULTS: L-Arg treatment significantly enhanced NO biosynthesis and protected animals from impaired GFR and development of TIF induced by CsA, whereas D-arginine did not. In contrast, L-NAME strikingly reduced urinary NO and worsened both GFR and TIF compared to the CsA alone group, whereas L-NAME did not change renal function and histology in the vehicle group. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic CsA nephrotoxicity can be aggravated by NO blockade and ameliorated by NO enhancement, suggesting that NO has an important role in the mechanism of chronic CsA nephropathy.[1]


  1. Protective effects of dietary L-arginine supplementation on chronic cyclosporine nephrotoxicity. Andoh, T.F., Gardner, M.P., Bennett, W.M. Transplantation (1997) [Pubmed]
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