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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A strategy for rational design of fully synthetic glycopeptide conjugate vaccines.

The present study describes a strategy to rationally design fully synthetic glycopeptide conjugate vaccines. Glycopeptide immunogens were constructed by coupling synthetic oligosaccharides comprising repeating units of synthetic 3-beta-D-ribose-(1-1)-D-ribitol-5-phosphate (sPRP) to synthetic peptides containing potent T-helper cell determinants and B-cell epitopes of the Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) outer membrane proteins (OMPs) P1, P2, and P6. Rabbit immunogenicity studies revealed that some of these fully synthetic glycoconjugates were capable of eliciting high titers of both anti-PRP and anti-OMP immunoglobulin G antibodies. In addition, we systematically investigated the factors which could influence their immunogenicity. We observed that the magnitude of the anti-PRP antibody response markedly depended on the relative spatial orientation of sPRP and T-cell epitopes, the anti-PRP antibody response was enhanced when a multiple antigenic peptide was used as a carrier, the anti-PRP antibody response was optimal for three PRP repeating units, and lipidation of peptide-PRP conjugates had a minimal effect on the magnitude of the anti-PRP antibody response. The results of this study clearly demonstrate that coupling a carbohydrate hapten to a peptide can provide T-cell help and convert it into a T-cell-dependent antigen. The antisera raised against these conjugates were also found to be protective against Hib infection in the infant rat model of bacteremia.[1]


  1. A strategy for rational design of fully synthetic glycopeptide conjugate vaccines. Chong, P., Chan, N., Kandil, A., Tripet, B., James, O., Yang, Y.P., Shi, S.P., Klein, M. Infect. Immun. (1997) [Pubmed]
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