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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functions of characteristic Cys-Gly-His-Cys (CGHC) and Gln-Glu-Asp-Leu (QEDL) motifs of microsomal ER-60 protease.

The human ER-60 protease cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) cells using the pET-20b(+) T7 promoter. The recombinant ER-60 protease was obtained in a water-soluble form and purified through four sequential chromatographies. The ER-60 protease contains two CGHC motifs. When an alanine residue was substituted for the N-terminal cysteine residue in both motifs, the protease activity was not lost. However, when the C-terminal cysteine residue in both motifs was replaced by a serine residue, the cysteine protease activity, which was inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzoic acid (pCMB) but not by diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP), changed to serine protease activity, which was inhibited by DFP but not by pCMB. These results indicate that the C-terminal cysteine residue(s) of the CGHC motifs may constitute the active site(s) of ER-60 protease. The ER-60 protease has a C-terminal QEDL sequence, which was proved to serve as an ER-retention signal by deletion of the QEDL sequence. However, because QEDL could not serve as the ER-retention signal for protein disulfide isomerase or ERp72, it is suggested that amino acid residue(s) of ER-60 protease, other than the QEDL sequence itself, is complimentarily responsible for the ER retention of this protein.[1]


  1. Functions of characteristic Cys-Gly-His-Cys (CGHC) and Gln-Glu-Asp-Leu (QEDL) motifs of microsomal ER-60 protease. Urade, R., Oda, T., Ito, H., Moriyama, T., Utsumi, S., Kito, M. J. Biochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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