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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ro 61-1790, a new hydrosoluble endothelin antagonist: general pharmacology and effects on experimental cerebral vasospasm.

Endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists are of great potential clinical interest for the treatment pathological conditions associated with vasospasm, such as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We developed for parenteral use a compound of a class of trifunctionalized heteroarylsulfonamide pyrimidines specially designed for high water solubility. Ro 61-1790 [5-methyl-pyridine-2-sulfonic acid 6-(2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-5-(2-methoxy-phenoxy)-2-(2-1H-tetrazol-5-yl-+ ++pyri din-4-yl)-pyrimidin-4-ylamide] is a competitive ET antagonist with an affinity to ETA receptor in the subnanomolar range. It has a approximately 1000-fold selectivity for the ETA vs. the ETB receptor as assessed on functional assays (e.g., ET-1-induced inositol-1,4, 5-triphosphate release or ET-1-induced intracellular calcium mobilization). Ro 61-1790 also had a high functional potency for inhibiting contraction induced by ET-1 on isolated rat aorta ( ETA receptors; pA2 = 9.5) or by sarafotoxin S6c on rat trachea ( ETB receptors; pA2 = 6.4). In vivo, Ro 61-1790 inhibited the pressor effect of big ET-1 in pithed rats with an ID50 value of 0.05 mg/kg. Intravenous bolus of Ro 61-1790 induced a long-lasting antihypertensive effect in deoxycorticosterone acetate salt rats instrumented with telemetry. In a double-hemorrhage canine model of SAH, Ro 61-1790 both prevented and reversed cerebral vasospasm in a dose-dependent manner. In an established cerebral vasospasm, 3 mg/kg Ro 61-1790 i.v. was half as efficacious as intrabasilar papaverine. Ro 61-1790 (20 mg/kg/day) totally prevented the occurrence of vasospasm. In summary, these data demonstrate that Ro 61-1790 is a potent and selective ETA receptor antagonist suitable for parenteral use and potentially useful for preventing delayed ischemic deficit in patients with SAH.[1]


  1. Ro 61-1790, a new hydrosoluble endothelin antagonist: general pharmacology and effects on experimental cerebral vasospasm. Roux, S., Breu, V., Giller, T., Neidhart, W., Ramuz, H., Coassolo, P., Clozel, J.P., Clozel, M. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1997) [Pubmed]
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