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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interferon-alpha resistance in a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cell line is associated with lack of STAT1 expression.

Interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) mediates its biological effects through activation of the JAK-STAT signaling pathway and it has been shown to be one of most effective therapeutic agents for a number of hematological malignancies, including cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Nevertheless, its efficacy is limited by the development of clinical resistance but the reasons for resistance in CTCL are unknown. Here, we report the development of an IFN alpha-resistant CTCL cell line (HUT78R), characterized by its ability to proliferate in high concentration of recombinant IFN alpha, which can be used as a model system to study IFN resistance. The levels of IFN receptor expression and binding affinity were found to be comparable between the parental sensitive (HUT78S) and resistant (HUT78R) cells. However, IFN alpha stimulation failed to induce interferon- stimulated gene factor 3 ( ISGF3) complex formation in HUT78R cells. In addition, the expression of the IFN-inducible 2-5 OAS gene was significantly reduced in HUT78R cells, suggesting the presence of a defect in the Jak-STAT signaling pathway. Our results showed that the IFN alpha- activated form of a latent transcriptional factor STAT1 was not found in HUT78R cells, whereas activated STAT2 and STAT3 were clearly detectable. By Western blotting and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses, we found that HUT78R cells do not express any STAT1 protein or mRNA, suggesting the possibility of a null mutation in the STAT1 gene. Resistance to the growth inhibitory effect of IFN alpha in CTCL cells may result from lack of STAT1 expression.[1]


  1. Interferon-alpha resistance in a cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cell line is associated with lack of STAT1 expression. Sun, W.H., Pabon, C., Alsayed, Y., Huang, P.P., Jandeska, S., Uddin, S., Platanias, L.C., Rosen, S.T. Blood (1998) [Pubmed]
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