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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Subtype-selective antagonism of NMDA receptors by nylidrin.

The 1,4-di-substituted piperidines ifenprodil, eliprodil, CP 101,606 ((1S,2S)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-hydroxy-4-phenylpiperidino)-1-propanol ) and Ro 25-6981 ((R-(R*,S*))-alpha-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-beta-methyl-4-(phenyl-methyl)-1- piperidinepropanol) are allosteric antagonists of NMDA receptors. Inhibition of diheteromeric NMDA receptors by this class of antagonist is characterized by pronounced selectivity for NR1/2B subunit combinations. In the current study, we assayed effects of nylidrin, a structurally-related non-piperidine, on recombinant and neuronal NMDA receptors. Nylidrin was a potent (IC50 = 0.18 microM) antagonist of NR1A/2B receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes and was at least 150-fold weaker against NR1A/2A and NR1A/2C receptors. The blockade of NR1A/2B responses by nylidrin was not surmounted by increasing the concentrations of glutamate or glycine and was not voltage-dependent. Potency of inhibition increased approximately 3-fold upon lowering extracellular pH from 8 to 6. 8. Nylidrin inhibited NMDA responses in cultured rat cortical neurons with similar potency and apparent mechanism of action as the NR1A/2B receptors. Our results suggest that nylidrin interacts with the same allosteric inhibitory site previously described for the related piperidine antagonists, and should serve as a structural lead for designing novel subtype-selective inhibitors of NMDA receptors.[1]


  1. Subtype-selective antagonism of NMDA receptors by nylidrin. Whittemore, E.R., Ilyin, V.I., Konkoy, C.S., Woodward, R.M. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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