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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Targeting of GroEL to SecA on the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli.

Chaperonin GroEL has been found to interact with isolated cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli. Interaction requires Mg ions, whereas MgATP inhibits, and inhibition is stronger in the presence of co-chaperonin GroES. "Heat-shock" of the membrane at 45 degrees C destroys irreversibly its ability to bind GroEL. The binding of GroEL is characterized by saturation with a maximum of about 100 pmol GroEL bound per mg of total membrane protein, indicating a limited capacity and specificity of the membrane to bind GroEL. According to results of immunoblotting analysis and cleavable photoactivable cross-linking, a membrane target of GroEL is SecA, a protein known as a central component of the translocation machinery. Moreover, in some cases GroEL could modulate a cycle of association of SecA with the membrane by stimulating release of SecA from the membrane. A physiological role of targeting of GroEL in or close to the protein-conducting membrane apparatus is discussed.[1]


  1. Targeting of GroEL to SecA on the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli. Bochkareva, E.S., Solovieva, M.E., Girshovich, A.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
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