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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Attitudes of different groups of women in Sweden to oocyte donation and oocyte research.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate attitudes of Swedish women towards oocyte donation and oocyte research. METHODS: Five different groups of women, with approximately 50 patients in each, were asked anonymously about their attitudes to legislation, tentative roles as donors or recipients, anonymity, suitable donors or recipients, research on fetuses and cadavers as a source of oocytes, age limits and economic aspects. The groups were: 1. Women undergoing IVF treatment ( IVF). 2. Infertile women during work-up ( INF). 3. Recently delivered women attending a maternity unit (MAT). 4. Women attending a family planning center applying for therapeutic abortion ( FPC). 5. Women with Turner's syndrome (TUR). RESULTS: More than 90% of women in all groups investigated advocated amendment of the law in order to permit oocyte donation. The women of infertile groups were more in favor of donating oocytes compared to women of fertile groups (p<0.05). A great majority would prefer anonymity both if they were donors and if they were recipients. If no anonymity was guaranteed, the acceptance of both the donor and recipient groups decreased but more than half of the women in all groups would still donate/accept oocytes. There was a significant difference in attitude towards non-anonymous oocyte donation, with the highest acceptance among Turner patients and the lowest among IVF patients (p<0.01). A majority in all groups were more motivated to donate/accept oocytes from a close relative, with the exception of Turner patients (p<0.01). All groups had a negative attitude to the use of donated fetuses and cadavers as sources of oocytes. IVF patients, close relatives and volunteers were all regarded as suitable donors by a majority of women in all groups. Women of fertile age, with ovarian failure or a genetic disorder, were accepted as recipients by all groups. Postmenopausal women were not accepted as recipients by a great majority in all groups. All groups preferred an age limit for recipients. More than 70% set the limit to the interval 40 to 45 years of age. A majority in all groups believed that donors should be paid to cover medication and loss of income. The recipients were expected, by a majority of women, to pay for some of the costs of the oocyte donation program. CONCLUSIONS: A great majority wanted a change in the Swedish legislation to permit oocyte donation. All groups had a generous attitude to donation of oocytes although anonymity would be preferred. Ovarian dysfunction and genetic disorders among women of fertile age were regarded as major indications for oocyte donation. IVF patients, close relatives and volunteers were all regarded as acceptable donors.[1]

References

  1. Attitudes of different groups of women in Sweden to oocyte donation and oocyte research. Westlander, G., Janson, P.O., Tägnfors, U., Bergh, C. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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