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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelial Ca2+ waves preferentially originate at specific loci in caveolin-rich cell edges.

Stimulation of endothelial cells (ECs) with ATP evoked an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). In a single bovine aortic EC, the [Ca2+]i rise started at a specific peripheral locus and propagated throughout the entire cell as a Ca2+ wave. The initiation locus was constant upon repeated stimulation with ATP or other agonists (bradykinin and thrombin). The Ca2+ wave was unaffected by the removal of extracellular Ca2+, demonstrating its dependence on intracellular Ca2+ release. Microinjection of heparin into the cell inhibited the ATP-induced Ca2+ responses, indicating that the Ca2+ wave is at least partly mediated by the inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate receptor. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that caveolin, a marker protein for caveolae, is distributed heterogeneously in the cell and that Ca2+ waves preferentially originate at caveolin-rich cell edges. In contrast to caveolin, internalized transferrin and subunits of the clathrin-associated adaptor complexes such as adaptor protein-1 and -2 were diffusely distributed. Disruption of microtubules by Colcemid led to redistribution of caveolin away from the edges into the perinuclear center of the cell, and the ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increase was initiated on the rim of the centralized caveolin. Thus, caveolae may be involved in the initiation of ATP-induced Ca2+ waves in ECs.[1]


  1. Endothelial Ca2+ waves preferentially originate at specific loci in caveolin-rich cell edges. Isshiki, M., Ando, J., Korenaga, R., Kogo, H., Fujimoto, T., Fujita, T., Kamiya, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
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