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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fas/Fas ligand interactions are involved in ultraviolet-B- induced human lymphocyte apoptosis.

We wondered whether the apoptosis known to occur after UV-B irradiation might involve the Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) signaling pathway. We exposed PBLs from normal individuals, and also the Jurkat (E6-1) and U937 cell lines, to graded doses of UV-B irradiation and observed a prompt and marked increase in Fas expression at doses as low as 0.5 mJ/cm2. Increased Fas expression did not require new protein synthesis, since cycloheximide-treated cells also showed an increase in Fas after UV-B. UV-B-irradiated cells cultured in the presence of zinc showed inhibition of apoptosis coincident with a marked increase in Fas+ cells, apparently indicating the accumulation of Fas-bearing cells unable to undergo apoptosis. After UV-B irradiation, PBLs showed increased expression of Fas ligand; the E6-1 lymphocytic cell line also released soluble FasL. UV-B induced apoptosis could be partially blocked by neutralizing FasL Abs, and a FasL-resistant variant of E6-1 cell line showed reduced apoptosis after UV-B irradiation, implying that the increase in Fas expression signified a role for Fas in UV-induced apoptosis. UV-induced Fas expression may serve to target stress-injured cells for removal by FasL-bearing cells or by FasL produced by the cells themselves in response to the stimuli, and may represent a general function of the Fas/FasL pathway in facilitating the apoptosis and elimination of undesirable or harmful cells.[1]


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