The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Reversal of anticancer multidrug resistance by the ardeemins.

Two "reverse prenyl" hexahydropyrroloindole alkaloids, 5-N-acetylardeemin and 5-N-acetyl-8-demethylardeemin, were evaluated as reversal agents in cells exhibiting a multidrug resistant (MDR) phenotype. These ardeemins (i) reversed drug resistance to vinblastine (VBL) or to taxol as much as 700-fold at relatively noncytotoxic concentrations in vitro; (ii) as a single agent at high concentrations killed MDR cells more efficaciously than the respective parent wild-type cells; and (iii) exhibited strong synergistic effects with doxorubicin (DX) and VBL against the growth of MDR neoplastic cells, and to a lesser extent, of the parent wild-type cells. Mechanistic studies showed that photoaffinity labeling of P-glycoprotein ( Pgp) with [3H] azidopine was competitively inhibited by the ardeemins. Resistance to DX in MDR-[Pgp+ and MDR-associated protein ( MRP)+], MDR- Pgp+, lung resistance protein (LRP)+-expressing, and wild-type lung cancer cells were reversed 110- to 200-fold, 50- to 66-fold, 7- to 15-fold, and 0.9- to 3-fold, respectively, by 20 microM of the ardeemins. Moreover, these compounds increased the intracellular accumulation of VBL and markedly decreased its efflux. Finally, in vivo combination studies demonstrated that nontoxic doses of the ardeemins with DX significantly improved the chemotherapeutic effects in B6D2F1 mice bearing DX-resistant P388 leukemia, and nude mice bearing human MX-1 mammary carcinoma xenografts. The above features indicate that the ardeemins may have utility in the therapy of cancer.[1]


  1. Reversal of anticancer multidrug resistance by the ardeemins. Chou, T.C., Depew, K.M., Zheng, Y.H., Safer, M.L., Chan, D., Helfrich, B., Zatorska, D., Zatorski, A., Bornmann, W., Danishefsky, S.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities