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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Estradiol increases relative amounts of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 in serum and expression of IGFBP-2 in anterior pituitaries of ewes.

This study determined whether estradiol regulates insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in the pituitary gland, hypophyseal stalk median eminence (SME), and circulation concomitantly with effects on LH. Ovariectomized ewes received an estradiol implant or no implant during the anestrous season and were slaughtered 80 days later. Estradiol suppressed serum LH to a greater extent during anestrus than after onset of the breeding season (Days 60 and 75). Amounts of mRNA for LHbeta subunit were decreased by estradiol, but mRNA for alpha and FSHbeta subunits were not affected. Estradiol increased serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3, and IGFBP-4 throughout the treatment period, but it did not influence other IGFBPs in serum. In response to estradiol, pituitary IGFBP-2 tended to increase and mRNA for IGFBP-2 increased twofold. Other IGFBPs in the pituitary gland were not influenced by estradiol. In the SME, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-5, and the 40-kDa IGFBP-3 were increased by estradiol. Thus, estradiol influences both the IGF and gonadotropin systems in sheep. Estradiol influences on gonadotroph function may be mediated by alterations in the IGF system.[1]


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