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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inducible expression of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 in vascular endothelial cells.

Endothelial dysfunction, or activation, elicited by oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) or its lipid constituent, has been implicated in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. We have recently identified a C-type lectin-like molecule, designated lectin-like Ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1), which acts as a cell-surface receptor for Ox-LDL in cultured vascular endothelial cells. In this study, we provide evidence that LOX-1 expression can be upregulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. TNF-alpha and PMA upregulated LOX-1 protein and mRNA in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Nuclear runoff assay revealed that TNF-alpha stimulates transcription of the LOX-1 gene. Chinese hamster ovary K1 cells stably expressing LOX-1 internalized 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI)-labeled Ox-LDL but did not significantly internalize acetylated LDL (Ac-LDL), which was effectively suppressed by excess amounts of unlabeled Ox-LDL but not by Ac-LDL. Upregulated expression of LOX-1 by TNF-alpha and PMA was associated with increased uptake of DiI-Ox-LDL that cannot be blocked by excess amounts of unlabeled Ac-LDL. Taken together, LOX-1 is a receptor specific for Ox-LDL, and enhanced uptake of Ox-LDL via this novel receptor on vascular endothelial cells may play an important role in endothelial activation in atherogenesis.[1]


  1. Inducible expression of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 in vascular endothelial cells. Kume, N., Murase, T., Moriwaki, H., Aoyama, T., Sawamura, T., Masaki, T., Kita, T. Circ. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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