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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fluid shear stress transcriptionally induces lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 in vascular endothelial cells.

Fluid shear stress has been shown to modulate various endothelial functions, including gene expression. In this study, we examined the effect of fluid shear stress on the expression of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1), a novel receptor for atherogenic oxidized LDL in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs). Exposure of BAECs to the physiological range of shear stress (1 to 15 dyne/cm2) upregulated LOX-1 protein and mRNA in a time-dependent fashion. LOX-1 mRNA levels peaked at 4 hours, and LOX-1 protein levels peaked at 8 hours. Inhibition of de novo RNA synthesis by actinomycin D totally abolished shear stress-induced LOX-1 mRNA expression. Furthermore, nuclear runoff assay showed that shear stress directly stimulates transcription of the LOX-1 gene. Chelation of intracellular Ca2+ with quin 2-AM completely reduced shear stress-induced LOX-1 mRNA expression; furthermore, the treatment of BAECs with ionomycin upregulated LOX-1 mRNA levels in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, physiological levels of fluid shear stress can regulate LOX-1 expression by a mechanism dependent on intracellular Ca2+ mobilization. Inducible expression of LOX-1 by fluid mechanics may play a role in localized expression of LOX-1 and atherosclerotic lesion formation in vivo.[1]


  1. Fluid shear stress transcriptionally induces lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 in vascular endothelial cells. Murase, T., Kume, N., Korenaga, R., Ando, J., Sawamura, T., Masaki, T., Kita, T. Circ. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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