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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor-mediated depolarisation of the rat isolated vagus nerve: modulation by trichloroethanol and related alcohols.

The ability of 2,2,2-trichloroethanol (TCE) and related alcohols to modify the 5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3) receptor-mediated depolarisation of the rat isolated cervical vagus nerve were investigated by extracellular electrophysiological recording using the 'grease gap' technique. TCE at millimolar concentrations increased the magnitude of the 5-HT3 receptor-mediated depolarisations of the rat vagus nerve by a number of agonists (5-HT, phenylbiguanide (PBG), quipazine). Concentration response curves generated for the 5-HT3 receptor agonists. 5-HT and PBG, in the absence and presence of TCE (5 mM) indicated that the potentiation in agonist-induced depolarisation was due to an increase in both agonist potency and apparent efficacy. Following apparent complete 5-HT3 receptor desensitisation (induced by either 5-HT or PBG; 100 microM for 90 min), application of TCE (5 mM) in the continued presence of either agonist induced a depolarisation of the vagus nerve. In addition to TCE, a number of related alcohols (tribromoethanol, isopentanol and 5-chloropentanol but not ethanol) at millimolar concentrations also potentiated depolarisation of the vagus nerve induced by 5-HT. Combined application of both TCE (0.1-20 mM) and isopentanol (20 mM) indicated that the potentiation of the 5-HT3 receptor-mediated depolarisation by these alcohols was not additive. The present studies indicate that the 5-HT3 receptor expressed on the cervical vagus nerve is susceptible to allosteric modulation by a number of alcohols including the anaesthetic agent TCE. Such an interaction may have relevance to the nausea and vomiting experienced by some patients following recovery from general anaesthesia.[1]


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