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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Tyrosinase autoactivation and the problem of the lag period.

Evidence is presented for the binding of the quinone oxidation product of the monohydric phenol substrate, 4-hydroxyanisole, to mushroom tyrosinase. Column chromatography and SDS-PAGE separation showed labelling of the enzyme when incubated with 14C ring-labelled 4-hydroxyanisole. It is proposed that covalent binding to the enzyme and other proteins is through reaction of accessible nucleophilic groups, including thiols and amino groups, with the anisylquinone. This reductive addition enables the indirect generation of the catecholic substrate, which acts as an electron donor for the bicupric active site of met-tyrosinase and explains the lag kinetics of tyrosinase oxidation of non-cyclizing substrates. The effects of diluting the enzyme or the addition of amino acids on the lag period was consistent with a mechanism involving indirect generation of the dihydric phenol, which acts as the met-enzyme-recruiting substrate.[1]

References

  1. Tyrosinase autoactivation and the problem of the lag period. Naish-Byfield, S., Riley, P.A. Pigment Cell Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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