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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Genetic analysis of adenovirus E1A: induction of genetic instability and altered cell morphologic and growth characteristics are segregatable functions.

Single multifunctional oncoproteins contribute to genomic instability development, but relationships between one or more oncoprotein-associated activities and genetic changes accompanying tumor cell progression are uncertain. Using NIH 3T3 derivative EN/NIH 2-20 containing transcriptionally silent neomycin phosphotransferase gene (neo) integrants with undetectable spontaneous reactivations, we studied wild-type (WT) and mutant adenovirus E1A-induced neo reactivation by neo-allelic rearrangement. WT E1A expression, yielding differential splice transcripts 12S and 13S and resulting in altered cell morphologic and growth characteristics, produced neo reactivations in 9 of 21 subclones (median rate per cell, 35 x 10(-6); range, 0.33 x 10(-6) to 936 x 10(-6)). Only 3 of 17 cell lines expressing CTdl976, a '12S' functional equivalent inducing altered cell morphologic and growth characteristics while lacking the 13S trans activation domain, yielded neo reactivations (range, 0.33 x 10(-6) to 0.67 x 10(-6)). One of 21 subclones expressing NTdl646, an E1A mutant retaining the trans domain but lacking p300 binding activity and the ability to alter cell morphologic and growth characteristics, produced neo reactivations (8.7 x 10(-6)). Other E1A mutants, all lacking the ability to alter cell morphologic and growth characteristics while binding pRb but variously lacking the trans domain and binding for p107 and/or p300, displayed undetectable neo-reactivations. 98 EN/NIH 2-20 derivatives coexpressing complementary mutant E1As exhibited altered morphologic and growth features, but only 10 of these produced neo reactivations, and maximum rates (14 x 10(-6)) were substantially lower than those in comparably derived, morphologically altered E1AWT-expressing counterparts (497 x 10(-6)). These findings suggest that maximum rates of gene reactivations by genomic rearrangement require the collective activities of functional domains assembled in single multifunctional proteins (or complexes) while altered cell morphologic and growth characteristics may arise through comparable sets of functional domains distributed across more than one protein (or complex).[1]


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