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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of short-term treatment of hyperlipidemia on coronary vasodilator function and myocardial perfusion in regions having substantial impairment of baseline dilator reverse.

BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that correction of hyperlipidemia improves coronary vasodilator response and maximal perfusion in myocardial regions having substantial impairment of pretreatment vasodilator capacity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Measurements of myocardial blood flow were made with PET [13N]ammonia in 12 patients with ischemic heart disease (11 men; age, 65+/-8 years [mean+/-SD]) at rest and during adenosine at 70 and then 140 microg . kg-1 . min-1 for 5 minutes each before and approximately 4 months after simvastatin treatment (40 mg daily). Simvastatin reduced LDL (171+/-13 before versus 99+/-18 mg/dL after simvastatin, P<0.001) and increased HDL (39+/-8 versus 45+/-9 mg/dL, P<0.05). Myocardial segments were classified on the basis of pretreatment blood flow response to 140 microg . kg-1 . min-1 adenosine as normal (flow >/=2 mL . min-1 . g-1) or abnormal (flow <2 mL . min-1 . g-1). In normal segments, baseline myocardial blood flow (0.95+/-0.32) increased (P<0.001) at both low- (1.62+/-0.81) and high- (2.63+/-0.41) dose adenosine and was unchanged both at rest and with adenosine after simvastatin. In abnormal segments, myocardial blood flow at rest (0. 73+/-0.19) increased at low- (1.06+/-0.59, P<0.02) and high- (1. 29+/-0.33, P<0.01) dose adenosine. After simvastatin, myocardial blood flow increased more compared with pretreatment at both low- (1. 37+/-0.66, P<0.05 versus pretreatment) and high- (1.89+/-0.79, P<0. 01 versus pretreatment) dose adenosine. CONCLUSIONS: Short-term lipid-lowering therapy increases stenotic segment maximal myocardial blood flow by approximately 45%. The mechanism involves enhanced, flow-mediated dilation of stenotic epicardial conduit vessels and may account at least in part for the efficacy of lipid lowering in secondary prevention trials and in reducing ischemic episodes in ambulatory patients.[1]


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