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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Immunoglobulin E-dependent active fatal anaphylaxis in mast cell-deficient mice.

Mast cells have long been believed to be the central effector cells in the development of immunoglobulin (Ig)E-dependent anaphylaxis. In this study, we investigated the role of mast cells in IgE-dependent hapten-induced active fatal anaphylaxis using mast cell-deficient WBB6F1- W/Wv (W/Wv) and congenic normal (+/+) mice. Although a 5-min delay in shock signs and death were observed in W/Wv mice, 100% fatal reactions to penicillin V (Pen V) occurred in both +/+ and W/Wv mice. Administration of monoclonal anti-IL-4 antibody completely prevented the fatal reactions, and the effect of anti-IL-4 was associated with its suppressive activity on Pen V-specific serum levels of IgE, but not IgG. The platelet-activating factor (PAF) antagonist, BN 50739, completely prevented the fatal reactions in both strains of mice. Our kinetic study revealed, in contrast to no elevation of plasma histamine level in W/Wv mice, high levels of PAF in the circulation after challenge in both +/+ and W/Wv mice, albeit to a lesser degree in the latter case. These data indicate that cells other than mast cells are sufficient to induce an IgE-dependent active fatal anaphylaxis by elaborating PAF, which is the critical mediator for fatal murine anaphylaxis.[1]


  1. Immunoglobulin E-dependent active fatal anaphylaxis in mast cell-deficient mice. Choi, I.H., Shin, Y.M., Park, J.S., Lee, M.S., Han, E.H., Chai, O.H., Im, S.Y., Ha, T.Y., Lee, H.K. J. Exp. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
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