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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of nitric oxide in inflammation-induced suppression of secretion in a mouse model of acute colitis.

The role of nitric oxide (NO) derived from the inducible isoform of NO synthase (iNOS) in epithelial transport dysfunction was studied in a model of colitis induced in mice by intrarectal 2,4, 6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid in 30% ethanol. Expression of iNOS mRNA was determined by RT-PCR. Electrolyte transport studies were conducted in Ussing chambers in which segments of inflamed colon were incubated with or without the selective iNOS inhibitor L-N6-(1-iminoethyl)lysine (L-NIL). Seven days after the induction of colitis, colonic tissue exhibited increased myeloperoxidase activity compared with saline controls. There was a detectable basal expression of iNOS mRNA, but expression was increased 3.7-fold in inflamed colons. Inflammation also caused an increase in iNOS activity and a concomitant decrease in constitutive NOS activity. In Ussing chamber experiments, there was a decreased response to electrical field stimulation in inflamed tissue, which was partially reversed by pretreatment of the tissue with L-NIL. The short-circuit current response to the muscarinic agonist carbachol was also reduced in inflammation, but this was not reversed by L-NIL. In summary, NO derived from iNOS mediates, in part, inflammation-induced suppression of neurally evoked electrolyte transport.[1]


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