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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential activity of the G protein beta5 gamma2 subunit at receptors and effectors.

The G protein beta5 subunit differs substantially in amino acid sequence from the other known beta subunits suggesting that beta gamma dimers containing this protein may play specialized roles in cell signaling. To examine the functional properties of the beta5 subunit, recombinant beta5 gamma2 dimers were purified from baculovirus-infected Sf9 insect cells using a strategy based on two affinity tags (hexahistidine and FLAG) engineered into the N terminus of the gamma2 subunit (gamma2HF). The function of the pure beta5 gamma2HF dimers was examined in three assays: activation of pure phospholipase C-beta in lipid vesicles; activation of recombinant, type II adenylyl cyclase expressed in Sf9 cell membranes; and coupling of alpha subunits to the endothelin B ( ETB) and M1 muscarinic receptors. In each case, the efficacy of the beta5 gamma2HF dimer was compared with that of the beta1 gamma2HF dimer, which has demonstrated activity in these assays. The beta5 gamma2HF dimer activated phospholipase C-beta with a potency and efficacy similar to that of beta1 gamma2 or beta1 gamma2HF; however, it was markedly less effective than the beta1 gamma2HF or beta1 gamma2 dimer in its ability to activate type II adenylyl cyclase (EC50 of approximately 700 nM versus 25 nM). Both the beta5 gamma2HF and the beta1 gamma2HF dimers supported coupling of M1 muscarinic receptors to the Gq alpha subunit. The ETB receptor coupled effectively to both the Gi and Gq alpha subunits in the presence of the beta1 gamma2HF dimer. In contrast, the beta5 gamma2HF dimer only supported coupling of the Gq alpha subunits to the ETB receptor and did not support coupling of the Gi alpha subunit. These results suggest that the beta5 gamma2HF dimer binds selectively to Gq alpha subunits and does not activate the same set of effectors as dimers containing the beta1 subunit. Overall, the data support a specialized role for the beta5 subunit in cell signaling.[1]


  1. Differential activity of the G protein beta5 gamma2 subunit at receptors and effectors. Lindorfer, M.A., Myung, C.S., Savino, Y., Yasuda, H., Khazan, R., Garrison, J.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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