The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

beta-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin inhibits the cell growth of various cancer cell lines and induces apoptosis in leukemia HL-60 cells through a mechanism different from those of Fas and etoposide.

beta-Hydroxyisovalerylshikonin (beta-HIVS), which was isolated from the plant, Lithospermium radix, inhibited the growth of various lines of cancer cells derived from human solid tumors at low concentrations between 10(-8) and 10(-6) M. When HL-60 cells were treated with 10(-6) M beta-HIVS for 3 h, characteristic features of apoptosis, such as DNA fragmentation, nuclear fragmentation, and activation of caspase-3-like activity, were observed.The most characteristic features of the effect of beta-HIVS were the remarkable morphological changes induced upon treatment of HL-60 cells with beta-HIVS, as visualized on the staining of actin filaments with phalloidin labeled with tetramethylrhodamine B isothiocyanate. Moreover, activation of MAP kinases, such as ERK2, JNK and p38, was detected after treatment with 10(-6) M beta-HIVS preceding the appearance of the characteristics of apoptosis, and the features of the activation of these MAP kinases were quite different from those of Fas and anticancer drug-induced apoptosis. The activation of JNK by beta-HIVS was not inhibited by inhibitors of caspases, suggesting that JNK is located either upstream or independent of the caspase signaling pathway. beta-HIVS did not inhibit the activity of topoisomerase II. These results indicate that beta-HIVS induces apoptosis in HL-60 cells through a mechanism unlike those reported for anti-Fas antibodies and etoposide.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities