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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amelogenin protein in tooth germs of the snake Elaphe quadrivirgata, immunohistochemistry, cloning and cDNA sequence.

In the snake, Elaphe quadrivirgata, the occurrence of amelogenin was immunohistochemically demonstrated in the enamel of developing tooth germs. Teeth of the snake are covered with a thin true enamel layer about 1-2 microns in thickness. Light and electron microscopic immunohistochemistry indicated an intense amelogenin immunoreactivity occurring in the enamel layer during the secretory stage of tooth development. Cloning and cDNA sequence of snake amelogenin was performed by RT-PCR. The amino acid sequence of the snake amelogenin cDNA--in its portion corresponding to the area from exon 5 to exon 7 of human X189 amelogenin gene--showed 45% homology with humans. Regions of both the N-terminus and C-terminus were well conserved. Furthermore, the positions of prolin in the amino acid alignment of the snake amelogenin corresponded well with those of human amelogenin. It is suggested that prolin is an essential constituent of amelogenin and therefore its positions in the molecule have been conserved after the evolutionary divergence of reptiles and mammals. This study using reptiles is the first detection of specific amelogenin immunoreactivity by high resolutional immunoelectron microscopy and the first cloning of amelogenin cDNA in a non-mammalian animal.[1]


  1. Amelogenin protein in tooth germs of the snake Elaphe quadrivirgata, immunohistochemistry, cloning and cDNA sequence. Ishiyama, M., Mikami, M., Shimokawa, H., Oida, S. Arch. Histol. Cytol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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