The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Chemical Compound Review


Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Heparan sulfate


Associations of Heparan sulfate with other chemical compounds

  • An arginine-rich peptide shows both heparan sulfate-dependent and -independent cellular uptake [3].
  • Heparin treatment of cultures induces many of the same biological effects as treatment with heparan sulfate, including elevated pERK levels in preBCR+ cells [4].
  • The heparan sulfate chains that do not bind antithrombin surprisingly exhibit an extremely high content in 3-O-sulfated glucosamine residues, which suggest that they may exhibit biological activities through interactions with other proteins [5].
  • Antagonizing heparan sulfate side chain formation with beta-xyloside or the addition of soluble heparin prevented ERK activation, in addition to reducing the expression of these proadhesive/contractile proteins [6].
  • The direct binding between integrins and heparin/heparan sulfate might explain why both heparan sulfate and alpha5beta1 integrin are required for the localization of endostatin in endothelial cell lipid rafts [7].

Gene context of Heparan sulfate


  1. Extracellular superoxide dismutase protects against matrix degradation of heparan sulfate in the lung. Kliment, C.R., Tobolewski, J.M., Manni, M.L., Tan, R.J., Enghild, J., Oury, T.D. Antioxid. Redox Signal. (2008) [Pubmed]
  2. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans and triglyceride-rich lipoprotein metabolism. Bishop, J.R., Stanford, K.I., Esko, J.D. Curr. Opin. Lipidol. (2008) [Pubmed]
  3. Guanidinylated neomycin delivers large, bioactive cargo into cells through a heparan sulfate-dependent pathway. Elson-Schwab, L., Garner, O.B., Schuksz, M., Crawford, B.E., Esko, J.D., Tor, Y. J. Biol. Chem. (2007) [Pubmed]
  4. Heparan sulfate and heparin enhance ERK phosphorylation and mediate preBCR-dependent events during B lymphopoiesis. Milne, C.D., Corfe, S.A., Paige, C.J. J. Immunol. (2008) [Pubmed]
  5. Human follicular fluid heparan sulfate contains abundant 3-O-sulfated chains with anticoagulant activity. de Agostini, A.I., Dong, J.C., de Vantéry Arrighi, C., Ramus, M.A., Dentand-Quadri, I., Thalmann, S., Ventura, P., Ibecheole, V., Monge, F., Fischer, A.M., HajMohammadi, S., Shworak, N.W., Zhang, L., Zhang, Z., Linhardt, R.J. J. Biol. Chem. (2008) [Pubmed]
  6. Heparan sulfate-dependent ERK activation contributes to the overexpression of fibrotic proteins and enhanced contraction by scleroderma fibroblasts. Chen, Y., Leask, A., Abraham, D.J., Pala, D., Shiwen, X., Khan, K., Liu, S., Carter, D.E., Wilcox-Adelman, S., Goetinck, P., Denton, C.P., Black, C.M., Pitsillides, A.A., Sarraf, C.E., Eastwood, M. Arthritis Rheum. (2008) [Pubmed]
  7. Molecular interplay between endostatin, integrins, and heparan sulfate. Faye, C., Moreau, C., Chautard, E., Jetne, R., Fukai, N., Ruggiero, F., Humphries, M.J., Olsen, B.R., Ricard-Blum, S. J. Biol. Chem. (2009) [Pubmed]
  8. Heparanase induces a differential loss of heparan sulphate domains in overt diabetic nephropathy. Wijnhoven, T.J., van den Hoven, M.J., Ding, H., van Kuppevelt, T.H., van der Vlag, J., Berden, J.H., Prinz, R.A., Lewis, E.J., Schwartz, M., Xu, X. Diabetologia (2008) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities