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Gene Review

ftsI  -  peptidoglycan glycosyltransferase 3;...

Haemophilus influenzae 86-028NP

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Disease relevance of ftsI


High impact information on ftsI

  • The sequences have 18 different mutation patterns and were classified into two groups on the basis of amino acid substitutions deduced from the nucleotide sequences located between bp 960 and 1618 of the ftsI gene [2].
  • The strains, isolated from both adults and children, were analyzed for genetic relationship by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and by determination of ftsI sequence phylogeny [2].
  • The sequences of the ftsI gene encoding the transpeptidase domain of PBP 3A and/or PBP 3B and of the dacB gene encoding PBP 4 were determined for these strains and compared to those of AMP-susceptible Rd strains [3].
  • Even though mutations in another gene(s) may be involved in beta-lactam resistance, these data indicate that mutations in the ftsI gene are the most important for development of resistance to beta-lactams in BLNAR strains [3].

Biological context of ftsI

  • The BLNAR strains were classified into three groups on the basis of deduced amino acid substitutions in the ftsI gene, which is thought to be involved in septal peptidoglycan synthesis [3].

Associations of ftsI with chemical compounds

  • Replacement of the ftsI gene in H. influenzae Rd with the intact ftsI from several clinical isolates resulted in integrants with typical BLNAR geometric mean ampicillin MICs of 1.7 to 2.2 micro g/ml [1].


  1. Genetic and molecular characterization of beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae with unusually high resistance to ampicillin. Kaczmarek, F.S., Gootz, T.D., Dib-Hajj, F., Shang, W., Hallowell, S., Cronan, M. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Diversity of beta-lactam resistance-conferring amino acid substitutions in penicillin-binding protein 3 of Haemophilus influenzae. Dabernat, H., Delmas, C., Seguy, M., Pelissier, R., Faucon, G., Bennamani, S., Pasquier, C. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Association of amino acid substitutions in penicillin-binding protein 3 with beta-lactam resistance in beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae. Ubukata, K., Shibasaki, Y., Yamamoto, K., Chiba, N., Hasegawa, K., Takeuchi, Y., Sunakawa, K., Inoue, M., Konno, M. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2001) [Pubmed]
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