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Disease relevance of Stethoscopes


High impact information on Stethoscopes

  • During 2003, when the environmental study was undertaken, serotype O12 isolates with bla(VIM) were recovered from sinks and stethoscopes in the most-affected units, although not from the hands of staff; the problem declined once these reservoirs were disinfected and hygienic precautions were reinforced [3].
  • Microchips versus stethoscopes, part 2: Revisiting OSCAR at the Foothills Hospital [4].
  • The oxidant O2 index of flammability for esophageal stethoscopes is 0.218, for Salem sump nasogastric tubes 0.229, for enteric feeding tubes 0.192, for plastic nasopharyngeal airways 0.196, and for rubber nasopharyngeal airways 0.172 [5].
  • Six popular, currently available stethoscopes were compared in their various modes involving bells, diaphragms, etc.: Littmann Classic II, Littmann Cardiology II, Littmann Master Cardiology, Hewlett-Packard Rappaport-Sprague, Tycos Harvey Triple Head, and Allen Medical Series 5A RPS Binaural [6].
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine the use of oesophageal and precordial stethoscopes for monitoring in current paediatric anaesthetic practice in the UK and Ireland. METHODS: A postal survey of members of the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetist of Great Britain and Ireland was undertaken [7].

Associations of Stethoscopes with chemical compounds

  • Staphylococcus sp. was present on 94 stethoscopes (85 %), out of which 19 (20 %) were methicillin-resistant staphylococci of various species [8].

Gene context of Stethoscopes


  1. Recovery of respiratory syncytial virus from stethoscopes by conventional viral culture and polymerase chain reaction. Blydt-Hansen, T., Subbarao, K., Quennec, P., McDonald, J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Failure to isolate methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from stethoscopes in two hospitals with endemic strains. Widmer, A.F., Pfaller, M.A., Wenzel, R.P. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing VIM-8, a novel metallo-beta-lactamase, in a tertiary care center in Cali, Colombia. Crespo, M.P., Woodford, N., Sinclair, A., Kaufmann, M.E., Turton, J., Glover, J., Velez, J.D., Castañeda, C.R., Recalde, M., Livermore, D.M. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Microchips versus stethoscopes, part 2: Revisiting OSCAR at the Foothills Hospital. Powell, G. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Flammability of esophageal stethoscopes, nasogastric tubes, feeding tubes, and nasopharyngeal airways in oxygen- and nitrous oxide-enriched atmospheres. Simpson, J.I., Wolf, G.L. Anesth. Analg. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Comparison of the acoustic properties of six popular stethoscopes. Abella, M., Formolo, J., Penney, D.G. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Survey of the use of oesophageal and precordial stethoscopes in current paediatric anaesthetic practice. Watson, A., Visram, A. Paediatric anaesthesia. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. The role of non-critical health-care tools in the transmission of nosocomial infections. Madar, R., Novakova, E., Baska, T. Bratislavské lekárske listy. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Calif. docs pitch stethoscopes. Benko, L.B. Modern healthcare. (2000) [Pubmed]
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