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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of mitochondria and o-methoxybenzoylalanine on 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid dioxygenase activity and quinolinic acid synthesis.

The use of o-methoxybenzoylalanine, a selective kynureninase inhibitor, has been proposed with the aim of reducing brain synthesis of quinolinic acid, an excitotoxic tryptophan metabolite. In liver homogenates, however, this compound caused unexpected accumulation of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, the product of kynureninase activity and the precursor of quinolinic acid. To explain this observation, we investigated the interaction(s) of o-methoxybenzoylalanine with 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid dioxygenase, the enzyme responsible for quinolinic acid formation. When the purified enzyme or partially purified cytosol preparations were used, o-methoxybenzoylalanine did not affect 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid dioxygenase activity. However, a significant reduction of this enzymatic activity did occur when o-methoxybenzoylalanine was tested in the presence of mitochondria. It is interesting that addition of purified mitochondria to 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid dioxygenase preparations reduced the enzymatic activity and the synthesis of quinolinic acid. In vivo, administration of o-methoxybenzoylalanine significantly reduced quinolinic acid synthesis and content in both blood and brain of mice. Our results suggest that mitochondrial protein(s) interact(s) with soluble 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid dioxygenase and cause(s) modifications in the enzyme resulting in a decrease in its activity. These modifications also allow the enzyme to interact with o-methoxybenzoylalanine, thus leading to a further reduction in quinolinic acid synthesis.[1]


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