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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

IkappaB-mediated inhibition of virus-induced beta interferon transcription.

We have examined the consequences of overexpression of the IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta inhibitory proteins on the regulation of NF-kappaB-dependent beta interferon (IFN-beta) gene transcription in human cells after Sendai virus infection. In transient coexpression studies or in cell lines engineered to express different forms of IkappaB under tetracycline-inducible control, the IFN-beta promoter (-281 to +19) linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene was differentially inhibited in response to virus infection. IkappaBalpha exhibited a strong inhibitory effect on virus- induced IFN-beta expression, whereas IkappaBbeta exerted an inhibitory effect only at a high concentration. Despite activation of the IkappaB kinase complex by Sendai virus infection, overexpression of the double-point-mutated (S32A/S36A) dominant repressors of IkappaBalpha (TD-IkappaBalpha) completely blocked IFN-beta gene activation by Sendai virus. Endogenous IFN-beta RNA production was also inhibited in Tet-inducible TD-IkappaBalpha-expressing cells. Inhibition of IFN-beta expression directly correlated with a reduction in the binding of NF-kappaB (p50-RelA) complex to PRDII after Sendai virus infection in IkappaBalpha-expressing cells, whereas IFN-beta expression and NF-kappaB binding were only slightly reduced in IkappaBbeta-expressing cells. These experiments demonstrate a major role for IkappaBalpha in the regulation of NF-kappaB- induced IFN-beta gene activation and a minor role for IkappaBbeta in the activation process.[1]


  1. IkappaB-mediated inhibition of virus-induced beta interferon transcription. Algarté, M., Nguyen, H., Heylbroeck, C., Lin, R., Hiscott, J. J. Virol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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