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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterisation of the contractile activity of eletriptan at the canine vascular 5-HT1B receptor.

The functional activity of eletriptan ((R)-3-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinylmethyl)-5-[2-(phenylsulphonyl )ethyl]- 1 H-indole) at the contractile serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) '1B-like' receptor in dog isolated saphenous vein and basilar artery was investigated. Eletriptan, like 5-HT and sumatriptan potently contracted saphenous vein (pEC50: 6.3, 6.9 and 6.1, respectively) and basilar artery (pEC50 7.2, 7.5 and 6.8, respectively). The maximum responses evoked by eletriptan was, unlike sumatriptan, significantly lower than that to 5-HT (intrinsic activity saphenous vein: eletriptan 0.57, 5-HT 1.0, sumatriptan 0.85; basilar artery: eletriptan 0.77, 5-HT 0.98, sumatriptan 0.89). Contractions evoked by eletriptan were antagonised by the 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist GR125743 (N-[4-methoxy-3-(4-methyl piperazin-1-yl)phenyl]-3-methyl-4-(4-pyridyl)benzamide) with pA2 values of 9.1 in saphenous vein and 9.4 in basilar artery. Affinity estimates (pKA) for 5-HT and sumatriptan determined from receptor alkylation studies in saphenous vein were 6.6 and 6.3, respectively, compared to the apparent equilibrium dissociation constant (pKp) for eletriptan of 6. 8. The rank order of relative intrinsic efficacies (epsilon) was 5-HT > sumatriptan > eletriptan. Thus, eletriptan required greater receptor occupancy (4.4-fold) to evoke an equivalent contraction to 5-HT and sumatriptan in dog isolated saphenous vein. These data demonstrate that eletriptan is a potent partial agonist at the canine vascular 5-HT1B receptor.[1]


  1. Characterisation of the contractile activity of eletriptan at the canine vascular 5-HT1B receptor. Gupta, P., Scatchard, J., Napier, C., McHarg, A., Wallis, R. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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