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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Localization of 5-methylcytosine in human metaphase chromosomes by immunoelectron microscopy.

Human metaphase chromosomes, fixed in methanol-acetic acid, were ultraviolet irradiated to produce single-stranded regions of chromosomal DNA and treated with anti-5-methylcytidine. Using an immunoperoxidase procedure, regions of antibody binding were readily visualized by light microscopy in the centromeric heterochromatin regions of chromosomes 1, 9, 16, the short arm of chromosome 15, and in the distal portion of the Y. Electron microscopic visualization of the same whole mount chromosome preparations transferred to formvarcoated grids revealed additional details of the distribution and arrangement of 5-methylcytosine. A helical arrangement of 5-methylcytosine residues was seen below the centromere of chromosome 1. The Y chromosome showed a concentration of 5-methylcytosine residues on the distal long arm, and in areas just below and slightly above the centromere. In all the above chromosomes, especially chromosome 15, additional 5-methylcytosine residues were detected as isolated foci along the arms. Our findings support the concept that clusters of similar purine or pyrimidine residues exist along the arms of condensed metaphase chromosomes, with the possibility that concentrations of 5-methylcytosine residues might have been enhanced at the surface of the chromosomes during the condensation process.[1]


  1. Localization of 5-methylcytosine in human metaphase chromosomes by immunoelectron microscopy. Lubit, B.W., Pham, T.D., Miller, O.J., Erlanger, B.F. Cell (1976) [Pubmed]
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