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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction between nitric oxide and prostaglandin E pathways in rat smooth muscle myometrial cells.

Previously, we demonstrated the presence of a nitric oxide (NO) prostaglandin (PG) pathway in myometrial cells obtained from uterine rat tissue. This pathway was modulated by estrogen and one possible function could be to modulate uterine relaxation. In the present study, we investigated the role of progesterone in the regulation of NO synthesis and the uterotonic PGE production by myometrial cells from uterine rat tissue. We worked with two groups of rats: (i) ovariectomizcd (OV) rats, without influence of sex hormones and (ii) OV rats injected with progesterone (4 mg) s.c. Myometrial uterine cells were obtained by a selective enzymatic digestion. In the incubation medium of these cells, nitrite concentration (as a measure of NO production) and PGE production were evaluated. To ensure a specific response, a competitive NOs inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine; L-NMMA (300 microM) was used. We found that at 48 h of the incubation period, cells obtained from progesterone-primed uterine tissue presented an increase in the nitrite concentration concomitant with a decrease in the PGE production. When L-NMMA was added to the cells, nitrite production and PGE synthesis returned to control values. The fact that this effect had not been observed in the group of cells obtained from OV rats suggests that progesterone was responsible for it. These data provide strong evidence that in spite of the fact that estrogen and progesterone modulate the NO-PG pathway in the uterine rat tissue, the two hormones have opposite effects.[1]


  1. Interaction between nitric oxide and prostaglandin E pathways in rat smooth muscle myometrial cells. Motta, A.B., Gonzalez, E.T., Rudolph, I., de Gimeno, M.A. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids (1998) [Pubmed]
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