The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of mGluRII induces LTD via activation of protein kinase A and protein kinase C in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in vitro.

The involvement of metabotropic glutamate receptor group II (mGluRII) in the induction of long-term depression (LTD) was investigated in the medial perforant path of the rat dentate gyrus, a region with a very high density of mGluRII. Perfusion of either of two potent mGluRII agonists, (2S,1R,2R,3R)-2-(2S, 1'R, 2'R, 3'R)-2 (2' 3'-dicarboxycyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV) or (+)-2- aminobicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2-6-dicarboxylic acid (LY354740) induced a reversible inhibition of the field EPSP followed, upon washout of the agonist, by LTD. The reversible inhibition was associated with a change in paired pulse depression, indicating an underlying presynaptic reduction in the probability of transmitter release, whereas the LTD was not associated with a change in paired pulse depression, indicating either a presynaptic reduction in the number of active release sites, or a postsynaptic change. Further evidence that the DCG-IV-induced LTD was generated by activation of mGluRII was the finding that the mGluRII antagonist (RS)-alpha-methylserine-O-phosphate monophenylphosphoryl ester (MSOPPE) prevented the induction of the LTD induced by DCG-IV. The DCG-IV-induced LTD showed mutual occlusion with LFS-induced LTD. The generation of the agonist-induced LTD required, in part, activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR), as LTD induction was partially blocked in the presence of the NMDAR antagonist D-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoate (AP5). Evidence for involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase (PKA) in the induction of LTD by activation of mGluRII was obtained by showing an inhibition of the DCG-IV-induced LTD by the PKC inhibitors Ro-31-8220 and bisindolylmaleimide I, and also by the PKA inhibitor H-89. The study demonstrates that activation of mGluRII induces LTD via activation the PKA and PKC pathways in the medial perforant path of the dentate gyrus.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities