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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CD8+ T cells produce RANTES during acute rejection of murine allogeneic skin grafts.

BACKGROUND: Based on their chemoattractant properties, it is likely that chemokines play a role in recruiting alloantigen-primed T cells to allografts and in amplifying inflammation within the graft. The graft-infiltrating leukocytes producing specific chemokines remain largely unknown. METHODS: We tested the intragraft RNA expression of the chemokine RANTES ( regulated on activation normal T expressed and secreted) and granzyme B during rejection of full thickness, allogeneic skin grafts by C57BL/6 mice. Grafts with different immunogenetic disparities were chosen to test expression when rejection was mediated by CD4+, CD8+, or both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. RNA expression was also tested in purified CD4+ and CD8+ T cell populations from skin graft recipients. Immunohistology was performed on graft sections to test colocalization of RANTES protein and graft-infiltrating CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. RESULTS: Intra-allograft RANTES RNA expression was not observed during CD4+ T cell-mediated rejection. Expression of RANTES and granzyme B RNA was observed at low levels in purified populations of CD8+, but not CD4+, T cells from the spleen and lymph nodes of graft recipients beginning at day 7 after transplantation and increased thereafter. Intra-allograft RANTES protein was associated with a small number of graft-infiltrating CD8+ T cells but was also associated with endothelial cells and with many graft-infiltrating CD4+ T cells. CONCLUSIONS: CD8+ T cells produce RANTES during allogeneic skin graft rejection. In the allograft, the chemokine also colocalizes with CD4+ T cells that do not produce RANTES.[1]


  1. CD8+ T cells produce RANTES during acute rejection of murine allogeneic skin grafts. Koga, S., Novick, A.C., Toma, H., Fairchild, R.L. Transplantation (1999) [Pubmed]
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