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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

P2Y receptor-mediated Ca2+ signalling in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells.

1. ATP, UTP, ADP and ADP-beta-S elicited Ca2+ -signals in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells although ADP, UDP and ADP-beta-S gave approximately 40% of the maximal response seen with ATP and UTP. Adenosine, AMP or alpha,beta-methylene-ATP had no effect. These responses were attributed to P2Y2/4 and P2Y1 receptors, which we assumed could be selectively activated by UTP and ADP-beta-S respectively. 2. The response to UTP was reduced (approximately 50%) by pertussis toxin, whilst this toxin had no effect upon the response to ADP-beta-S. This suggests P2Y2/4 receptors simultaneously couple to pertussis toxin-sensitive and -resistant G proteins whilst P2Y1 receptors couple to only the toxin-resistant proteins. 3. Repeated stimulation with UTP or ADP-beta-S caused desensitization which was potentiated by 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and attenuated by staurosporine. 4. TPA completely abolished sensitivity to ADP-beta-S but the response to UTP had a TPA-resistant component. In pertussis toxin-treated cells, however, TPA could completely abolish sensitivity to UTP and so the TPA-resistant part of this response seems to be mediated by pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins. 5. Loss of sensitivity to UTP did not occur when pertussis toxin-treated cells were repeatedly stimulated with this nucleotide, suggesting that pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins mediate this effect. The toxin did not, however affect desensitization to ADP-beta-S.[1]


  1. P2Y receptor-mediated Ca2+ signalling in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. Pediani, J.D., McGrath, J.C., Wilson, S.M. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
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