The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High-frequency homologous genetic recombination of an arterivirus, lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus, in mice and evolution of neuropathogenic variants.

On the basis of genome nucleotide differences between a nonneuropathogenic and a neuropathogenic lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus (LDV) quasispecies (LDV-P and LDV-C, respectively), we have designed sets of primers for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification that can detect recombinants between them in a 1276-nt-long segment ranging from ORF 5 to ORF 7. Mice were infected with large amounts of both LDVs and bled at various times postinfection (p.i.). RNA was extracted from plasma samples and reverse transcribed and the first-strand products were PCR amplified with four sets of sense and antisense primers that discriminate between parental (P/P and C/C) and recombinant (P/C and C/P) genomic segments. Both P/C and C/P recombinants were detected in plasma from six different mice at 1 day p.i. No recombinant products were generated with in vitro mixtures of LDV-P and LDV-C. End-point dilution experiments indicated that the generation of P/C and C/P recombinants varied between mice but that in some mice the frequency of recombination in the 1276-nt-long genome segment was as high as 5%. Sequence analyses of clones of some recombinants indicated that recombination had occurred at 26- to 43-nt-long stretches of homology between the LDV-P and the LDV-C genomes. Sequence analyses of the 3157-nt-long 3' end of the genomes of the neuropathogenic LDV-v and of a newly discovered nonneuropathogenic quasispecies, LDV-vx, showed that LDV-v is a natural recombinant of LDV-vx that has specifically acquired by a double recombination about 400 nt of the 5' end of ORF 5 of the neuropathogenic LDV-C and thereby the unique properties of LDV-C, neuropathogenicity and high sensitivity to antibody neutralization. In dual infections of mice with LDV-P and LDV-C all genetic recombinants, like the LDV-C parent itself, had been lost by 7 days p.i., and only LDV-P persisted. The results further support the view that LDV-P and LDV-vx have evolved to a highly stable relationship with their host, the mouse.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities