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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Calreticulin is expressed on the cell surface of activated human peripheral blood T lymphocytes in association with major histocompatibility complex class I molecules.

Calreticulin is an endoplasmic reticulum resident molecule known to be involved in the folding and assembly of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. In the present study, expression of calreticulin was analyzed in human peripheral blood T lymphocytes. Pulse-chase experiments in [35S]methionine-labeled T cell blasts showed that calreticulin was associated with several proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and suggested that it was expressed at the cell surface. Indeed, the 60-kDa calreticulin was labeled by cell surface biotinylation and precipitated from the surface of activated T cells together with a protein with an apparent molecular mass of 46 kDa. Cell surface expression of calreticulin by activated T lymphocytes was further confirmed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry, studies that showed that both CD8+ and CD4+ T cells expressed calreticulin in the plasma membrane. Low amounts of cell surface calreticulin were detected in resting T lymphocytes. By sequential immunoprecipitation using the conformation independent monoclonal antibody HC-10, we provided evidence that the cell surface 46-kDa protein co-precipitated with calreticulin is unfolded MHC I. These results show for the first time that after T cell activation, significant amounts of calreticulin are expressed on the T cell surface, where they are found in physical association with a pool of beta2-free MHC class I molecules.[1]


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