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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A Crm1p-independent nuclear export path for the mRNA-associated protein, Npl3p/Mtr13p.

mRNA export involves association of mRNAs with nucleoplasmic proteins, delivery to the nuclear pore complex, translocation to the cytoplasm, and reimport of recycling components. Many yeast mutants inhibit mRNA export, but there is little information concerning the RNA carriers and steps of transport that they affect. The hnRNP/serine-arginine-rich-like protein, Npl3p/Mtr13p, binds poly(A)+ RNA and shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Its export accelerates on inhibition of RNA synthesis. In vivo tests show that its export requires two proteins with putative leucine-rich nuclear export signals: Gle1p, Mex67p, and several additional nuclear and nuclear pore complex-associated proteins. Surprisingly, a nonnuclear pool of an import factor (the importin alpha homologue, Srp1p) is also required. Changes in the methylation status of Npl3p do not correlate with its nucleocytoplasmic distribution. A crm1 mutant that inhibits export of proteins with leucine-rich nuclear export signals and mRNAs does not inhibit Npl3p export. Moreover, several proteins needed for Npl3p export are not needed for export of a typical Crm1p cargo. Thus, Npl3p export requires only a subset of proteins implicated in mRNA export, suggesting that more than one mRNA export path exists. A distinct group of mutants, including a mutation of a member of the importin beta superfamily, inhibits Npl3p reimport from the cytoplasm.[1]


  1. A Crm1p-independent nuclear export path for the mRNA-associated protein, Npl3p/Mtr13p. Liu, Y., Guo, W., Tartakoff, P.Y., Tartakoff, A.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
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