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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional and molecular expression of intestinal oligopeptide transporter (Pept-1) after a brief fast.

The intestinal oligopeptide transporter, cloned as Pept-1, has major roles in the assimilation of dietary proteins and absorption of peptidomimetic medications. The initial aim of the present experiment was to investigate whether the functional expression of this transporter is affected by dietary intake. Functional expression was determined as the rate of uptake of glycylglutamine (Gly-Gln) by brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) prepared from the jejunum of fed and fasted rats. Surprisingly, the rate of dipeptide uptake was greatly increased after 1 day of fasting. The subsequent aim of the experiment became the investigation of the mechanism of this alteration in transport, which showed that 1 day of fasting increased (1) the maximal Gly-Gln uptake (Vmax) by twofold without changing the Km of Gly-Gln uptake by BBMVs, (2) the amount of intestinal oligopeptide transporter (Pept-1) protein by threefold in the brush-border membrane, and (3) the abundance of Pept-1 mRNA by threefold in the intestinal mucosa. We conclude that 1 day of fasting increases dipeptide transport in rat intestine by increasing the population of Pept-1 in the brush-border membrane. The mechanism appears to be an increase in Pept-1 gene expression.[1]


  1. Functional and molecular expression of intestinal oligopeptide transporter (Pept-1) after a brief fast. Thamotharan, M., Bawani, S.Z., Zhou, X., Adibi, S.A. Metab. Clin. Exp. (1999) [Pubmed]
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