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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and characterization of the murine ameloblastin promoter.

The molecular mechanisms directing the highly restricted expression pattern of murine ameloblastin were characterized by cloning and functional analysis of the ameloblastin promoter. The transcription start site, mapped by primer extension, was located 19 base pairs (bp) 5' of the published cDNA. The promoter was analyzed in a mouse ameloblast-like cell line (LS8) and was compared with promoter activity in primary gingival fibroblasts and pulp fibroblasts. Sequential 5'-deletion mutants encompassing DNA sequences from -1616 to -781 bp exhibited high promoter activity in LS8 cells, whereas the promoter activity decreased to 50% of the full-length construct in the -781- and -477-bp regions. The -217-bp promoter region regained promoter activity that approached the activity of the full-length promoter construct, suggesting that both positive and negative cis-acting regions may be involved in ameloblastin transcriptional regulation. Activity of the ameloblastin promoter in gingival and pulp fibroblasts was minimal and ranged from 8 to 30% of the activity in ameloblast-like cells. Several DNA-protein complexes were formed between functionally important promoter fragments and nuclear extracts from LS8 cells. The inactivity of promoter constructs in pulp and gingival fibroblasts as well as the absence of similar DNA-protein complexes from these cells suggest that regulatory regions of the murine ameloblastin promoter may function in a cell-specific manner.[1]


  1. Cloning and characterization of the murine ameloblastin promoter. Dhamija, S., Liu, Y., Yamada, Y., Snead, M.L., Krebsbach, P.H. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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