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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Analysis of engineered multifunctional peptide synthetases. Enzymatic characterization of surfactin synthetase domains in hybrid bimodular systems.

The combinatorial reorganization of distinct modules of multimodular peptide synthetases is of increasing interest for the generation of new peptides with optimized bioactive properties. Each module is at least composed of enzymatic domains responsible for the adenylation, thioester formation, and condensation of an amino acid residue of the final peptide product. We analyzed various possible fusion sites for the recombination of peptide synthetases and evaluated the impact of different recombination strategies on the amino acid adenylation and acyl-thioester formation activities of peptide synthetase modules. Hybrid bimodular peptide synthetases were generated by recombination of the corresponding reading frames encoding for L-glutamic acid- and L-leucine-specific modules of surfactin synthetase SrfA-A at presumed inner- and intradomainic regions. We demonstrate that fusions at a previously postulated hinge region, dividing the amino acid adenylating domains of peptide synthetase modules into two subdomains, and at the highly conserved 4'-phosphopantetheine binding motif in acyl-thioester forming domains resulted in enzymatically active hybrid domains. By contrast, most manipulations in condensation domains like deletions, the complete exchange or the construction of chimeric domains considerably reduced or completely abolished the amino acid adenylation and thioester formation activity of the hybrid module.[1]


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