The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Microanalysis of cardiolipin in small biopsies including skeletal muscle from patients with mitochondrial disease.

Cardiolipin is a specific mitochondrial phospholipid that is present in mammalian tissues in low concentration. To measure cardiolipin in small biopsies from patients with mitochondrial disease, we developed a new technique that can detect subnanomolar levels of well-resolved molecular species, the most abundant of which are tetralinoleoyl-cardiolipin (L(4)) and trilinoleoyl-oleoyl-cardiolipin (L(3)O). To this end, a fluorescence-labeled derivative of cardiolipin (2-[naphthyl-1'-acetyl]-cardiolipin dimethyl ester) was formed and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. Cardiolipin was measured in skeletal muscle biopsies from 8 patients with mitochondrial disease and in 17 control subjects. In 5 patients with mitochondrial disease, cardiolipin content was higher than normal (2. 4;-7.0 vs. 0.4;-2.2 nmol/mg protein). In 3 patients with mitochondrial disease, the L(4)/L(3)O ratio was lower than normal (2;-4 vs. 4;-6). Cardiolipin was also measured in various rat and dog muscle tissues. The L(4)/L(3)O ratio was higher in condensed "muscle" type mitochondria (heart ventricle, skeletal muscle, ratios 4;-7) than in orthodox "liver" type mitochondria (liver, smooth muscle, heart auricular appendage, H9c2 myoblasts, ratios 0.4;-3), suggesting that the L(4)/L(3)O proportion is important for cristae membrane structure. We concluded that the L(4)/L(3)O ratio is a tissue-specific variable that may change in the presence of mitochondrial disease. The new method is suitable to measure cardiolipin in muscle biopsies in order to estimate concentration of mitochondria.[1]


  1. Microanalysis of cardiolipin in small biopsies including skeletal muscle from patients with mitochondrial disease. Schlame, M., Shanske, S., Doty, S., König, T., Sculco, T., DiMauro, S., Blanck, T.J. J. Lipid Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities