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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Influence of APOE genotype on familial aggregation of AD in an urban population.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the proband's APOE genotype on AD among first-degree relatives in a community-based study of African Americans, whites, and Caribbean Hispanics. METHODS: History of AD and demographic information were obtained on 1,073 siblings and parents of 312 patients with AD and 2,722 siblings and parents of 802 nondemented controls. APOE genotyping was performed on all 1,114 patients and controls. RESULTS: A higher proportion of patients with AD (35%) than controls (27%) had one or more APOE-epsilon4 alleles (p = 0.03). When compared with relatives of controls without an APOE-epsilon4 allele, the risk for AD was increased in first-degree relatives of both patients (rate ratio [RR] = 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2 to 3.1) and controls (RR = 1.8, 95% CI = 1.2 to 2.6) with one or more APOE-epsilone alleles, regardless of ethnic group. There was a similar trend of increased risk in relatives of patients without an APOE-epsilon4 allele, but this was limited to Hispanics and African Americans. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of an APOE-epsilon4 allele increases risk for AD among first-degree relatives, regardless of the probands' disease status, among all ethnic groups. Relatives of patients without an APOE-epsilon4 allele were also at increased risk for AD among Hispanics and African Americans, suggesting that other genes or risk factors may influence risk.[1]


  1. Influence of APOE genotype on familial aggregation of AD in an urban population. Devi, G., Ottman, R., Tang, M., Marder, K., Stern, Y., Tycko, B., Mayeux, R. Neurology (1999) [Pubmed]
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