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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Urban Population

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Disease relevance of Urban Population


High impact information on Urban Population

  • New molecular forms of human liver alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH; alcohol:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC have recently been identified in 16% of the liver specimens from an urban population from Indianapolis, Indiana [Bosron, W. F., Li, T.-K. & Vallee, B. L. (1979) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 91, 1549-1555] [6].
  • Rising prevalence of NIDDM in an urban population in India [7].
  • From an urban population (n = 9,033) of 47-49-year-old males, 6,956 participated in a multiphase screening programme, of whom 1.5% were already registered as diabetic patients, 1.7% were then found to be diabetic; of 6,325 subjects given oral glucose tolerance tests, 6.6% were found to have impaired glucose tolerance (WHO criteria, 1985) [8].
  • Allelic frequencies in 70 controls and 110 patients with diabetes from the Chennai Urban Population Study were 52.9% for FABP2 Thr54, 73.0% for APOC3 -482T, and 80.2% for APOC3 -455C [9].
  • Influence of APOE genotype on familial aggregation of AD in an urban population [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Urban Population


Biological context of Urban Population


Anatomical context of Urban Population


Associations of Urban Population with chemical compounds


Gene context of Urban Population

  • CONCLUSIONS: Relative elevation in TNF receptor levels, but not TNF-alpha, is associated with carotid atherosclerosis among individuals aged < 70 years in this multiethnic, urban population [26].
  • OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to investigate the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) among 2.5-year-old children in a Swedish urban population with a high incidence of CD [27].
  • RESULTS: In comparison to rural residents the urban population had an increased risk of allergic rhinitis (OR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-1.9), atopic sensitization (OR = 1.2; 95% CI: 1.0-1.4) and sensitization against pollen (OR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-1.9) [28].
  • The vitamin D status of a general adult urban population was estimated between November and April in 1569 subjects selected from 20 French cities grouped in nine geographical regions (between latitude 43 degrees and 51 degrees N) [29].
  • A wide spectrum of viral and antibody patterns in anti-HCV c100-3 positive sera was observed in this urban population and persisted for at least 6 years [30].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Urban Population


  1. Diabetes in urban African-Americans. II. High prevalence of microalbuminuria and nephropathy in African-Americans with diabetes. Goldschmid, M.G., Domin, W.S., Ziemer, D.C., Gallina, D.L., Phillips, L.S. Diabetes Care (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. The metabolic syndrome in the West Bank population: an urban-rural comparison. Abdul-Rahim, H.F., Husseini, A., Bjertness, E., Giacaman, R., Gordon, N.H., Jervell, J. Diabetes Care (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Differential gene expression in normal human mammary epithelial cells treated with malathion monitored by DNA microarrays. Gwinn, M.R., Whipkey, D.L., Tennant, L.B., Weston, A. Environ. Health Perspect. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Prevalence and genetic location of non-transferable trimethoprim resistant dihydrofolate reductase genes in South African commensal faecal isolates. Adrian, P.V., Thomson, C.J., Klugman, K.P., Amyes, S.G. Epidemiol. Infect. (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Mapping the emergence of heart disease in a black, urban population in Africa: the Heart of Soweto Study. Stewart, S., Wilkinson, D., Becker, A., Askew, D., Ntyintyane, L., McMurray, J.J., Sliwa, K. International journal of cardiology. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. New molecular forms of human liver alcohol dehydrogenase: isolation and characterization of ADHIndianapolis. Bosron, W.F., Li, T.K., Vallee, B.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1980) [Pubmed]
  7. Rising prevalence of NIDDM in an urban population in India. Ramachandran, A., Snehalatha, C., Latha, E., Vijay, V., Viswanathan, M. Diabetologia (1997) [Pubmed]
  8. Impaired glucose tolerance in a middle-aged male urban population: a new approach for identifying high-risk cases. Eriksson, K.F., Lindgärde, F. Diabetologia (1990) [Pubmed]
  9. Polymorphisms in the fatty acid-binding protein 2 and apolipoprotein C-III genes are associated with the metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia in a South Indian population. Guettier, J.M., Georgopoulos, A., Tsai, M.Y., Radha, V., Shanthirani, S., Deepa, R., Gross, M., Rao, G., Mohan, V. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Influence of APOE genotype on familial aggregation of AD in an urban population. Devi, G., Ottman, R., Tang, M., Marder, K., Stern, Y., Tycko, B., Mayeux, R. Neurology (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in the urban population aged 30-69 years in Ribeirão Preto (São Paulo), Brazil. Torquato, M.T., Montenegro Júnior, R.M., Viana, L.A., de Souza, R.A., Lanna, C.M., Lucas, J.C., Bidurin, C., Foss, M.C. São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Cocaine is associated with intrauterine fetal death in women with suspected preterm labor. Martinez, A., Larrabee, K., Monga, M. American journal of perinatology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  13. Anaemia and vitamin A deficiency in poor urban pregnant women of Bangladesh. Ahmed, F., Mahmuda, I., Sattar, A., Akhtaruzzaman, M. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition. (2003) [Pubmed]
  14. Evaluating the magnitude of socio-medical problems of rheumatic diseases in adult urban population. Sućur, A. Acta medica Iugoslavica. (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Differences in sodium chloride taste sensitivity in a rural and an urban population in Nigeria: implications for the incidence of hypertension. Odeigah, P.G., Obieze, A.C. East African medical journal. (1986) [Pubmed]
  16. The association between ambient carbon monoxide levels and daily mortality in Toronto, Canada. Burnett, R.T., Cakmak, S., Raizenne, M.E., Stieb, D., Vincent, R., Krewski, D., Brook, J.R., Philips, O., Ozkaynak, H. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995) (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Complement polymorphism in Colombia. Bernal, J.E., Papiha, S.S., Keyeux, G., Lanchbury, J.S., Mauff, G. Ann. Hum. Biol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  18. Beta2 adrenoceptor functional gene variants, obesity, and blood pressure level interactions in the general population. Pereira, A.C., Floriano, M.S., Mota, G.F., Cunha, R.S., Herkenhoff, F.L., Mill, J.G., Krieger, J.E. Hypertension (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Aminolevulinate dehydratase and blood lead levels in urban male adults. Sartor, F., Rondia, D. International archives of occupational and environmental health. (1981) [Pubmed]
  20. Diet, antioxidant vitamins, oxidative stress and risk of coronary artery disease: the Peerzada Prospective Study. Singh, R.B., Niaz, M.A., Bishnoi, I., Sharma, J.P., Gupta, S., Rastogi, S.S., Singh, R., Begum, R., Chibo, H., Shoumin, Z. Acta cardiologica. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Turkish Heart Study: lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins. Mahley, R.W., Palaoğlu, K.E., Atak, Z., Dawson-Pepin, J., Langlois, A.M., Cheung, V., Onat, H., Fulks, P., Mahley, L.L., Vakar, F. J. Lipid Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Stroke and cocaine or amphetamine use. Petitti, D.B., Sidney, S., Quesenberry, C., Bernstein, A. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Lactose maldigestion and milk intolerance: a study in rural and urban Mexico using physiological doses of milk. Rosado, J.L., Gonzalez, C., Valencia, M.E., López, P., Palma, M., López, B., Mejía, L., Báez, M.C. J. Nutr. (1994) [Pubmed]
  24. Prevalence of trimethoprim resistant dihydrofolate reductase genes identified with oligonucleotide probes in plasmids from isolates of commensal faecal flora. Adrian, P.V., Klugman, K.P., Amyes, S.G. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (1995) [Pubmed]
  25. Use of GIS and exposure modeling as tools in a study of cancer incidence in a population exposed to airborne dioxin. Poulstrup, A., Hansen, H.L. Environ. Health Perspect. (2004) [Pubmed]
  26. Tumor necrosis factor receptor levels are associated with carotid atherosclerosis. Elkind, M.S., Cheng, J., Boden-Albala, B., Rundek, T., Thomas, J., Chen, H., Rabbani, L.E., Sacco, R.L. Stroke (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Serological screening for celiac disease in healthy 2.5-year-old children in Sweden. Carlsson, A.K., Axelsson, I.E., Borulf, S.K., Bredberg, A.C., Ivarsson, S.A. Pediatrics (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Farming, rural lifestyle and atopy in adults from southern Germany--results from the MONICA/KORA study Augsburg. Filipiak, B., Heinrich, J., Schäfer, T., Ring, J., Wichmann, H.E. Clin. Exp. Allergy (2001) [Pubmed]
  29. Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in an adult normal population. Chapuy, M.C., Preziosi, P., Maamer, M., Arnaud, S., Galan, P., Hercberg, S., Meunier, P.J. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA. (1997) [Pubmed]
  30. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus antibodies and hepatitis C virus-RNA in an urban population. Rapicetta, M., Attili, A.F., Mele, A., De Santis, A., Chionne, P., Cristiano, K., Spada, E., Giuliani, E., Carli, L., Goffredo, F. J. Med. Virol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  31. Comparative determination of plasma phospholipids by automated gas--liquid chromatographic and manual colorimetric phosphorus methods. Kuksis, A., Myher, J.J., Geher, K., Shaikh, N.A., Breckenridge, W.C., Jones, G.J., Little, J.A. J. Chromatogr. (1980) [Pubmed]
  32. Seroprevalence of human parvovirus B19 infection in an urban population in Malaysia. Ooi, S.L., Hooi, P.S., Chua, B.H., Lam, S.K., Chua, K.B. Med. J. Malaysia (2002) [Pubmed]
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