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Common binding sites for beta-amyloid fibrils and fibroblast growth factor-2 in heparan sulfate from human cerebral cortex.

Heparan sulfate found in the cerebral plaques of Alzheimer's disease binds to beta-amyloid (Abeta) fibrils. This interaction has been proposed to enhance fibril deposition and mediate Abeta-induced glia activation and neurotoxicity. On the other hand, heparan sulfate augments signaling of fibroblast growth factor-2 ( FGF-2), a neuroprotective factor that antagonizes the neurotoxic effects of Abeta. We defined structures in heparan sulfate from human cerebral cortex that bind Abeta fibrils. The minimal binding site is found in N-sulfated hexasaccharide domains and contains critical 2-O-sulfated iduronic acid residues. By contrast, binding of Abeta monomers requires, in addition, 6-O-sulfate groups on glucosamine residues. The binding specificity of fibrillar Abeta is shared by FGF-2, and we here show that cerebral heparan sulfate domains selected for binding to Abeta-(1-40) fibrils bind also to FGF-2. These data suggest that neurotoxic and neuroprotective signals may converge by competing for the same binding sites on the heparan sulfate chain.[1]

References

  1. Common binding sites for beta-amyloid fibrils and fibroblast growth factor-2 in heparan sulfate from human cerebral cortex. Lindahl, B., Westling, C., Giménez-Gallego, G., Lindahl, U., Salmivirta, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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