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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dynamic association of cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain 1a with the Golgi apparatus and intermediate compartment.

Microtubule motors, such as the minus end-directed motor, cytoplasmic dynein, play an important role in maintaining the integrity, intracellular location, and function of the Golgi apparatus, as well as in the translocation of membrane between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. We have immunolocalised conventional cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain to the Golgi apparatus in cultured vertebrate cells. In addition, we present evidence that cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain cycles constitutively between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus: it colocalises partially with the intermediate compartment, it is found on nocodazole-induced peripheral Golgi elements and, most strikingly, on Brefeldin A-induced tubules that are moving towards microtubule plus ends. The direction of movement of membrane between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus is therefore unlikely to be regulated by controlling motor-membrane interactions: rather, the motors probably remain bound throughout the whole cycle, with their activity being modulated instead. We also report that the overexpression of p50/dynamitin results in the loss of cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain from the membrane of peripheral Golgi elements. These results explain how dynamitin overexpression causes the inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum-to-Golgi transport complex movement towards the centrosomal region, and support the general model that an intact dynactin complex is required for cytoplasmic dynein binding to all cargoes.[1]


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