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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 by nimesulide decreases prostaglandin E2 formation but does not alter brain edema or clinical recovery after closed head injury in rats.

Recently, the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX) has been recognized to exist as constitutive (COX-1) and inducible isoforms (COX-2). In previous studies, drugs that were inhibitors of both COX-1 and COX-2 failed to decrease brain edema formation or improve Neurological Severity Score (NSS) after closed head trauma (CHT), although some did decrease prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2) formation. The present study examined whether or not a specific inhibitor of COX-2 (nimesulide) exerts a beneficial effect after CHT in rats. Halothane-anesthetized rats (n = 8 in each group) were randomly assigned to one of four groups: surgery, no CHT, no drug (group 1); surgery, no CHT, nimesulide 30 mg/kg intraperitoneally (IP) (group 2); surgery, CHT, no drug (group 3); and surgery, CHT, nimesulide 30 mg/kg IP (group 4). NSS was determined at 1 and 24 h, and brain tissue PGE2 concentration and water content were determined after killing at 24 h. Treatment with nimesulide did not improve NSS (NSS at 24 h = 11+/-6 [median +/- range] in group 3 and 12+/-4 in group 4) or edema formation (brain water content at 24 h = 84.3+/-1.8% [mean +/- SD] in group 3 and 83.8+/-1.9% in group 4). However, nimesulide did decrease cortical and hypothalamic PGE2 formation by 41% and 47%, respectively during the first hour of incubation after brain tissue sampling. The authors conclude that although nimesulide does reduce tissue PGE2 formation, it does not exert a beneficial effect on brain tissue edema or functional activity after CHT in rats.[1]

References

  1. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 by nimesulide decreases prostaglandin E2 formation but does not alter brain edema or clinical recovery after closed head injury in rats. Koyfman, L., Kaplanski, J., Artru, A.A., Talmor, D., Rubin, M., Shapira, Y. Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology. (2000) [Pubmed]
 
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