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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The visual G protein of fly photoreceptors interacts with the PDZ domain assembled INAD signaling complex via direct binding of activated Galpha(q) to phospholipase cbeta.

Visual transduction in the compound eye of flies is a well-established model system for the study of G protein-coupled transduction pathways. Pivotal components of this signaling pathway, including the principal light-activated Ca(2+) channel transient receptor potential, an eye-specific protein kinase C, and the norpA-encoded phospholipase Cbeta, are assembled into a supramolecular signaling complex by the modular PDZ domain protein INAD. We have used immunoprecipitation assays to study the interaction of the heterotrimeric visual G protein with this INAD signaling complex. Light-activated Galpha(q)- guanosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate) and AlF(4)(-)-activated Galpha(q), but not Gbetagamma, form a stable complex with the INAD signaling complex. This interaction requires the presence of norpA-encoded phospholipase Cbeta, indicating that phospholipase Cbeta is the target of activated Galpha(q). Our data establish that the INAD signaling complex is a light-activated target of the phototransduction pathway, with Galpha(q) forming a molecular on-off switch that shuttles the visual signal from activated rhodopsin to INAD- linked phospholipase Cbeta.[1]


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